Khibiny Tundry
(Umptek massif)



The Khibiny massif is together with the Lovozero massif probably on of the best known mineral sites of Russia. Both localities are globally unique. Both are nepheline-syenite intrusions and thought to be outcrops of a single large intrusion. Khibiny and Lovozero have the same age and roughly the same composition. The Khibiny massif is located on central Kola. The large horseshoe like mountain range lays between Lake Imandra in the west and lake Umbozero in the east. Most mining activity developed in the south and southeastern part of the massif. No surprise most infrastructure can be found there around the towns of Apatity, Kirovsky, Titan and Koashva. 
Most localities in the Khibiny massif are named after mountains and rivers. The Kirovsky mine is famous, but most other mines never make it to the mineral labels. Examples of these mines are the Tsentralnye mine, Vostochniy (eastern)mine, Saamski mine and Apatitovy Zirk. It is hard to give exact localities for the Khibiny massif. The mountains often stretch for several kilometers and two minerals occurring for instance on Mount N'yourpakhk, do not necessarily occur close to each other.  


This is a pretty cool map of the Khibiny massif!
But before you download it, realize it is 4Mb
and in the Russian language
(to save server space, I used an external link.)

The Khibiny tundry is an Agpaitic intrusion. This name is derived from Agpat in Greenland, where similar intrusions are found. This type of intrusion is also called a alkaline intrusion (because the rocks are rich in sodium and potassium) or nepheline-syenite intrusions. The latter reveals that a rock called nephelinesyenite is the prime constituent of the Khibiny massif. Syenite is an intrusive rock comparable to granite. Granite consists of feldspar, quartz and mica. Syenites are a sort of granite with a quartz deficiency, consisting mostly of feldspars. Nepheline-syenite has even less silica, not even enough to form feldspars. Instead of feldspars nepheline is formed.
The Khibiny intrusion was formed about 362 m.y. ago when a blob of alkaline magma intruded the Archean granite-gneiss. The intrusion measures about 30km in diameter and is the biggest of it's kind. Structurally the intrusion consists of numerous variaties of nepheline syenite arranged in concentric circles. The intrusion is horseshoe shaped with the opening towards the east. The entire center section of the intrusion consists of Foyaite. In this foyatite zone are isles or xenoliths of carbonatite. The biggest one is at Tullilukht bay, on the estuary of the Tuliok river.
Outside the foyaite is a zone of rischorrite rock, which is mainly developed in the south. The rischorrite is followed by a urtite/ijolite zone. In the south the rich apatite ores of Rasvumchorr and Koashva is inbetween the rischorrite and urtite/ijolite zones. The urtite/ijolite zone roughly goes through the center of the massif, Koashva, Rasvumchorr, Kukisvumchorr, Pik marchenko, Rischorr, Partomchorr. It is mineralogically the most intresting zone. This same zone is also interesting because here occur numerous small xenoliths. Pieces of rock that fell into the molten intrusions from the roof. These rocks got altered and fenitized and can be home of unique mineralogy as in Kaskasnyunyachorr. Outside this complex zone are zones of khibinite rock They make up the entire western part of the khibiny intrusion. Finally around the edge  of the intrusion are fenites. Fenites are no nepheline syenites. Fenites are metasomatic rocks. The hot temperature of the intrusive magma melted parts of the surrounding gneiss. Substances from the magma reacted with the gneiss to form a contact aureole. This altered rock is called a fenite.

What generally makes Khibiny and Lovozero such interesting sites is the occurrence of hydrothermal reflux. Hot waters circulated through cracks of the intrusive rocks. On it's way the water dissolved minerals and deposited others. Many of the primary minerals, such as Albite, Nepheline and Eudialyte are easily attacked by these fluids. The majority of Khibiny's minerals are formed this way. Small changes in the pH, temperature or amount of dissolved substances creates new species of minerals and dissolves others. 


Aikuaventchorr is located just southeast of Kirovsk (town) in the Khibinite-zone. The locality is most famous for it's epididymite.

Aegirine Albite Analcime Ancylite-(La) Catapleiite Chabazite-K Cryptomelane Epididymite Lorenzenite Polylithionite Pyrolusite

catapleite-aikua.jpg (24788 bytes)


chasnyachorr.jpg (36891 bytes)

Chasnyachorr is a lesser known locality. It can be found on the west bank of the Kuliok river in the northwestern part of the Khibiny massif. It is on the border of the ijolite/urtite and khibinite zones. It is supposed to  be classic locality for Aegirine, but I never saw any material from there.

Aegirine, Eudialyte.


eweslogchorr.jpg (34866 bytes)

Eweslogchorr is one of the more famous Khibiny localities. It is located in the busy southeastern part of the intrusion, but not in the apatite-ore zone. Eweslogchorr is situated north of Vuonnemiok river, between Yukspor and N'Yourpakhk. Eweslogchorr lays in the rischorrite zone. A well known sublocality of Eweslogchorr is Astrophyllite ruchei. The upper area of this creek is the famous astrophyllite locality. The rischorrite is cut by many albite and microcline vein, rich in astrophyllite. Many of the REE pegmatite minerals occur on a large xenolith at Eweslogchorr.

Aegirine Aenigmatite Aeschynite-(Ce) Albite Almandine Analcime Ancylite-(Ce) Ancylite-(La) Andalusite Andesine Annite Anorthoclase Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Barylite Barytolamprofyllite Belovite-(Ce) Belovite-(La) Bertrandite Bohmite Bromellite Cancrinite Catapleiite Chabazite-Ca Chalcopyrite Chivruaiite Chrysoberyl Cordierite Corund Denisovite Dorfmanite Epididymite Eudialyte Eveslogite Fayalite Fergusonite-(Y) Ferrocolumbite Ferrokentbrooksite Fersmanite Fluocerite-(Ce) Fluorite Gahnite Gaidonnayite Galena Goethite Gonnardite Graphite Hedenbergite Hercynite Hydrocerussite Ilmenite Janhaugite Kalsilite Kassite Kentbrooksite Kostylevite Kuzmenkoite-Mn Labuntsovite-Mn Lamprophyllite Lavenite Leifite Leucophanite Lollingite Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Lovozerite Magnetite Mangan-Neptunite Marcasite Microcline Molybdenite Monazite-(Ce) Monazite-(La) Murmanite Muscovite Natrolite Nepheline Normandite Palygorskite Paratsepinite-Ba Para-Umbite Pectolite Perlialite Phlogopite Priderite Pyrite Pyrochlore Pyrrhotite Quartz Rastsvetaevite Rinkite Rosenbuschite Safflorite Sekaninaite Shcherbakovite Sillimanite Sodalite Spessartine Sphalerite Strontiumapatite Takanelite Thorite Titanite Topaz Troilite Tsepinite-Ca Tsepinite-K Tsepinite-Sr Tugtupite Umbite Vinogradovite Vuonnemite Vuoriyarvite-K Wadeite Xenotime-(Y) Yuksporite Zircon

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Dorfmanite-ewes.jpg (1096131 bytes)
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kassite-eweslogchorr.jpg (523282 bytes)
para-umbite.jpg (16427 bytes)
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titanite-ewes.jpg (46784 bytes)

(Mount Fersman)

A locality in the central western part if the intrusion in the Khibinite zone.

Not too important, only Natrolite is known by me so far.

Hackman valley
(Hackmann Gorge, Gakman)

Hackman-valley.jpg (19307 bytes)

Hackman valley is one of those localities which will be always problematic. Historically there is only one locality in Hackman valley, the Lovchorrite mine. It is an old mine which worked mosandrite ore in the days of the GuLAG camps. Up until 2003 this mine was considred boring by collectors and only produced large massive chunks of mosandrite/rinkite. But in 2003 Tsepinite-Ca was discovered in this mine and more interesting mineralogy (like Kentbrooksite, Ancylite-La/Ce, Kupletskite etc) also became known from here. Not so dull afterall! As with most localities in Khibiny and Lovozero, the interesting minerals occur in pegmatite and hydrothermal veins. The discovery of Tsepinite-Ca was also done in a pegmatite vein in the underground works of the Lovchorrite mine. The pegmatitic veins consists mainly of Microcline, Nepheline, Aegirine and Arfvedsonite. 

The problem with Hackman valley as locality is that this valley runs between Yukspor and Rasvumchorr mountains. Many of the minerals reported from this valley come from the slopes of these mountains (i.e. Yukspor's Materialnaya adit!!) and should really be contributed to the mountain. 

Aegirine Albite Ancylite-(Ce) Ancylite-(La) Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Barylite Calcite Catapleiite Cerite-(Ce) Chabazite-Ca Edingtonite Eudialyte Fluorapophyllite Fluoroapatite Graphite Henrymeyerite Kentbrooksite Khibinskite Kupletskite Labuntsovite-[] Lamprophyllite Leukophane Lorenzenite Magnesiohoornblende Microcline Mosandrite Natrolite Nepheline Parakeldyshite Perlialite Quartz Rinkite Sodalite Tainiolite Titanite Tsepinite-Ca Vinogradovite Yuksporite Zeophyllite Zircon

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kentbrooksite-hack.jpg (19812 bytes)
mosandrite-hackman.jpg (35330 bytes)


Tsepinite-Ca, a new mineral of the Labuntsovite group from the Khibiny Alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula-novel disordered sites in the Vuoriyarvite type strucure. by Igor Pekov et al. N.Jb.Miner.Mh, 2003 (10) 461-480

Idichiok river

Same as Idichvumchorr?


Kaliok river

An obscure locality. The provisional minerals M55 and M51 where found in drill cores in the Kaliok river area. [Khomyakov 1995]


Mount Kaskasnyunchorr is located north of Kukisvumchorr in central Khibiny. The mountain is on the contact between foyaite and rischorrite rock, with lyavochorrite to the north. Of course Kaskasnyunyachorr has it shares of pegmatic veins and fenitised xenoliths, but the locality is most famous for one such xenolith northeast of the mountain. This xenolite consists of uniquely reduced minerals and it type locality for Edgarite. It also houses unique zoned molybdenite-tungstenite crystals.

Mineral name Akaganeite Alabandite Chalcopyrite Crichtonite Edgarite Freudenbergite Galena Ikranite Loveringite Mangan-Neptunite Marcasite Molybdenite Neighborite Pyrite Rutile Topaz Tungstenite Vuoriyarvite-K

Crichtonite-kaskasn.jpg (18889 bytes)
edgarite.jpg (18001 bytes)


Zoned Tungstenoan molybdenite from a fenitized megaxenolite in the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. by Andrei Barkov et al, Canadian Mineralogist Vol 38 pp1377-1385 (2000)

Khibina station

khib-station.gif (252182 bytes)

Kupletskite (Rb rich), Loparite-(Ce) and, Tundrite-(Ce)


Epididymite Eudialyte Paralabuntsovite-Mg Tsepinite-Na Tsepinite-Sr IMA2008-001

Kirovsky mine

pics from Kirovsky mine

The Kirovsky mine is the oldest mine on the Kola peninsula and opened in 1929. The main ores, for the entire Khibiny massif, are apatite, used as fertiliser, thorium and rare earth elements (mosandrite, loparite etc) and nepheline as alumium ore. The Kirovsky mine is situated close to the town of Kirovsk and on the western end of the apatite zone.

q.v Kukisvumchorr for mineralogy


Little is known by me about this locality only that Zakharovite occurs here.


Koashva is located in the southeast of the intrusion in the apatite zone. The most common rock besides the Apatite ore is Urtite.

Adrianovite Aegirine Ancylite-(Ce) Annite Arctite Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Barytolamprofyllite Belovite-(Ce) Bonshtedtite Burbankite-(Ce) Cancrinite Cancrisilite Carbonate Fluorapatite Catapleiite Chabazite-Ca Chkalovite Chlorbartonite Clinophosinaite Cobaltite Crawfordite Delhayelite Deloneite-(Ce) Djerfisherite Dorfmanite Ershovite Eudialyte Ewaldite Fenaksite Fluorcaphite Fluorite Fluoroapatite Galena Hydroastrophyllite Imandrite Isolueshite Kalifersite Kazakovite Koashvite Kostylevite Labuntsovite-[] Labuntsovite-Mn Labyrinthite Lamprophyllite Lemmleinite-K Lisitsynite Lomonosovite Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Lovozerite Mackinawite Magnesio-astrophyllite Megakalsilite Microcline Mosandrite Murunskite Nacaphite Natisite Natrite Natrolite Natrophosphate Nefedovite Nepheline Para-Umbite Pectolite Petersenite-(Ce) Phosinaite-(Ce) Rasvumite Remondite-(La) Rhabdophane-(Ce) Rinkite Sazykinaite-(Y) Shafranovskite Shcherbakovite Sidorenkite Sitinakite Sodalite Sphalerite Steenstrupine-(Ce) Strontiumapatite Thermonatrite Thorosteenstrupine Tiettaite Tisinalite Troilite Trona Umbite Villiaumite Vitusite-(Ce) Vuonnemite Wilhelmramsayite Zakharovite Zirsinalite


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Nefedovite-koashva.jpg (23245 bytes)
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villiaumite-koa.jpg (22806 bytes)


vortkuaiv-img.jpg (51480 bytes) 

Kukisvumchorr is located north of the town of Kirovsk in the topographical center of the intrusion. because it is along mountain it intersects three zones, the iolite/urthite zone, the rischorrite zone and a small nepheline-syenite zone. Kukisvumchorr has numerous sublocalities. Most famous is the Kirovsky mine, located at the foot of the mountain. Kirovsky mine is discussed separately above. Pik Marchenko is the northern section of Kukisvumchorr and it is discussed separately below.
On the north slope of Kukisvumchorr lays Svintsovyi ruchei, or Lead Creek. The creek was named after the finds of Galena and Astrophyllite in the mid 1970s in the middle part of this stream. At the upper part is known for Almandine and Corund. These minerals are connected to one of the many hornfels xenoliths in the area. Another nearby sublocality is the Zirconovyi pegmatite, located about 300 meters west of Svintsovyi and type locality for Paravinogradovite.
Another sublocality is Vortkeuajv pass. Here occurs a natrolite-feldspar vein with prismatic blue Anatase crystals.

Aegirine Aenigmatite Albite Almandine Amesite Amicite Analcime Anatase Ancylite-(Ce) Ancylite-(La) Andalusite Ankerite Annite Anorthoclase Arfvedsonite Armbrusterite Arsenopyrite Astrophyllite Bariopyrochlore Barite Barylite Barytocalcite Barytolamprofyllite Belovite-(Ce) Belovite-(La) Biotite Bohmite Bonshtedtite Bornemannite Bornite Bradleyite Bromellite Buergerite Burbankite-(Ce) Bussenite Cafetite Calcio-Ancylite-(Ce) Calcite Canasite Cancrinite Cancrisilite Carbocernaite Carbonate Fluorapatite Carbonate Hydroxylapatite Catapleiite Cerussite Chabazite-Ca Chabazite-K Chabazite-Na Chalcocite Chalcopyrite Chrysoberyl Cobaltite Cordylite-(Ce) Corund Covellite Cubanite Cuprite Davidite-(Ce) Dawsonite Delhayelite Delindeite Denisovite Diaspore Diopside Djerfisherite Dolomite Donnayite-(Y) Dorfmanite Elpidite Epididymite Erythrite Eudialyte Eudidymite Ewaldite Fenaksite Ferrikatophorite Ferrocolumbite Ferroseladonite Fersmanite Fluorapophyllite Fluorcalciobritholite Fluorite Fluoroapatite Franconite Gaidonnayite Galena Gerasimovskite Gibbsite Glauconite Gobbinsite Goethite Gonnardite Götzenite Graphite Hedenbergite Hematite Hemimorphite Hercynite Heulandite-Ca Heulandite-K Hilairite Hisingerite Hochelagaite Hydrodelhayelite Ilmenite Iron Isolueshite Jarosite Kalborsite Kalifersite Kalsilite Komarovite Kukharenkoite-(Ce) Kukharenkoite-(La) Kukisvumite Kupletskite Labuntsovite-Fe Labuntsovite-Mg Labuntsovite-Mn Lamprophyllite Lead Leifite Lemmleinite-Ba Lemmleinite-K Leucophanite Lithargite Litvinskite Lomonosovite Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Lovozerite Mackinawite Magnesio-Arfvedsonite Magnesio-Astrophyllite Magnetite Makatite Malachite Mangan-Neptunite Manganokukisvumite Marcasite McKelveyite-(Y) Merlinoite Microcline Middendorfite Molybdenite Monazite-(Ce) Mongolite Montmorillonite Mosandrite Murmanite Murunskite Muscovite Nabaphite Nacaphite Nafertisite Nahcolite Narsarsukite Nastrophite Natisite Natrite Natrolite Natrophosphate Natroxalate Nechelyustovite Neighborite Nenadkevichite Neotocite Nepheline Neptunite Neskevaarite-Fe Nontronite Nordite-(La) Nordstrandite Opal Orthoclase Paranatisite Paranatrolite Paravinogradovite Pectolite Pentlandite Perowskite Petarasite Phillipsite-K Phlogopite Pirssonite Podlesnoite Polylithionite Potassic-Arfvedsonite Potassic-Fluororichterite Pyatenkoite-(Y) Pyrite Pyrochlore Pyrophanite Pyrrhotite Quartz Raite Rasvumite Remondite-(Ce) Remondite-(La) Rhodochrosite Rinkite Safflorite Saponite Sekaninaite Seladonite Serandite Shcherbakovite Shirokshinite Shortite Siderite Siderophyllite Sidorenkite Sillimanite Sitinakite Soda Sodalite Sodiumkomarkovite Sphalerite Steacyite Strontianite Synchisite-(Ce) Tainiolite Taseqite Thaumasite Thenardite Thermonatrite Thorite Titanite Tobermorite Topaz Troilite Trona Tsepinite-K Tsepinite-Na Tuliokite Umbite Villiaumite Vinogradovite Vivianite Vlasovite Vuonnemite Vuoriyarvite-K Wadeite Witherite Yakovenchukite-(Y) Yttrobetafite-(Y) Zakharovite Zeophyllite Zircon Zirsinalite

Not yet approved minerals from Kukisvumchorr are (click here for explanation):
M5, M23, M48, M62, M70, M73

analcime-kuk.jpg (43573 bytes)
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ewaldite-kir.jpg (21221 bytes)
fluorite-kuk.jpg (57377 bytes)
ilmenite.jpg (42378 bytes)
labuntsovite-Fe-kirovski.jpg (18577 bytes)
lovozerite.jpg (34289 bytes)
Mckelveyite.jpg (17623 bytes)
 mg-astrophyllite.jpg (17851 bytes)
mosandrite-kirovsky.jpg (26681 bytes)
paravinogradovit1.jpg (22977 bytes)
pectolite-kir.jpg (53247 bytes)

rasvumite-kirovski.jpg (12982 bytes)
sodiumkomarovite.jpg (37468 bytes)
titanite-kir.jpg (19450 bytes)

Yttrobetafite-(Y) (?)
zircon-kukis.jpg (30727 bytes)

Kukisvumchorr, Mineralogical Almanac 7, 2004, Pekov et al, Moscow

Kuniok river valley


Canasite, Delhayelite, Djerfisherite, Nefedovite* and Rasvumite.


Located in the northeast of the intrusion in the nepheline-syenite zone. The locality gained fame Normandite locality.

Aegirine Carbocernaite Normandite

Loparski pass

Loparski pass is probably the best locality for nice purple Sodalite of the Hackmanite variety. Illuminating these samples with SW UV light brings back the deep color. The rocks at Loparski pass are Rischorrites, but the corund, hercynite, topaz and hackmanite all come from a gneiss xenolith..

Aegirine Astrophyllite Corund, Eudialyte Hercynite Sodalite ("Hackmanite') Topaz.

sodalite-kir.jpg (72325 bytes)              
Corund + Sodalite

Maly Manepakhk

CAREFULL Maly Manepakhk is in northwestern Khibiny massif, while Manepakhk is in south central Lovozero massif!

Maly Manepakhk is located in the chibinite zone.

Aegirine Aenigmatite Albite Analcime Arfvedsonite Chabazite-Ca Eudialyte Gutkovaite-Mn Kuzmenkoite-Mn Labuntsovite-Mn Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Mangan-Neptunite Microcline Murmanite Natrolite Nenadkevichite Nepheline Nontronite Polylithionite Rinkite Stilbite-Ca

rinkite.jpg (46096 bytes)


Interesting mineralogy comes from a drill core of rare metal metasomatites.

Andradite Biotite Britholite-(Ce) Calcite Calzirtite Cancrinite Cuspidine Fluorite Glaucochroite Hedenbergite Magnetite Melilite Nepheline Schorlomite Stronalsite Wollastonite

Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):


N'Yourkpakhk is north of the Vuonemmiok river, but it is on the same apatite zone as Koashva and Rasvumchorr, 

Aegirine Albite Anatase Annite Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Burbankite-(Ce) Cancrinite Eudialyte Fersmanite Fluorcaphite Fluorite Fluoroapatite Galena Galena Gibbsite Goethite Hemimorphite Kazakovite Khanneshite Kuzmenkoite-Mn Labuntsovite-Fe Labuntsovite-Mn Lamprophyllite Lemmleinite-K Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Merlinoite Microcline Minium Natrolite Nenadkevichite Nepheline Pectolite Pyrochlore Shafranovskite Sodalite Titanite Titanite Uranpyrochlore

cancrinite-nyour.jpg (29977 bytes)

Olenii Ruchei

Olenii Ruchei can be translated as Reindeer creek. The locality is known as type locality for Altisite and Natrite (Minerals first discovered...., I Pekov) Probably all minerals from here come from boreholes.

Aegirine Altisite Analcime Ancylite-(Ce) Bonshtedtite Burbankite-(Ce) Calcite Cryolite Ferrotychite Galena Gaylussite Mackinawite Magnesio-Astrophyllite Nacaphite Natrite Nefedovite Nepheline Pectolite Rasvumite Shcherbakovite Shortite Sodalite Sphalerite Tinaksite Villiaumite

Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):


Partomchorr is located in the nepheline-syenite zone in the north of the intrusion.Boehmite is found here in a pectolite natrolite vein cutting ijolite-urtite rocks at a depth of 93.5m.

Aegirine Astrophyllite Boehmite Bonshtedtite Eudialyte Loparite-(Ce) Lorenzenite Minium Natrolite Normandite Pectolite Wadeite

eudialyte-partom.jpg (63413 bytes)
lorenzenite-partom.jpg (47987 bytes)


Mineralogy of Hyperagpaitic Alkaline Rock, A.P. Khomyakov (1995), Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK,  p71


Petrelius is a 'new' locality in Khibiny. It gained fame only recently as type locality for Georgbarsanovite. The locality is described as 'upper part of Petrelius river'. This area is also known as Petrelius mountain.

Georgbarsanovite Nepheline


Pik Marchenko

Pik Marcheno is in fact the northern section of Kukisvumchorr. It is on the contact of foyaite and rischorrite.

Anatase Ancylite-(Ce) Ancylite-(La) Annite Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Biotite Cancrinite Catapleiite Eudialyte Fluoroapatite Goethite Ilmenite Lorenzenite Microcline Natrolite Nepheline Sphalerite Spodiophyllite Zircon


Poachvumchorr is a little known mountain located just west of Kukisvumchorr and north of Takhtarvumchorr. 

Eudialite Kalsilite

kalsilite-poa.jpg (191106 bytes)


putelichorr.jpg (50890 bytes)

Putelichorr is situated in the ijolite-urtite zone.

Aenigmatite Astrophyllite Biotite Cancrinite Fluorbritholite-(Ce) Fluorite Natrolite

Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):


Apatitovy Zirk (Apatite circus) is a sublocality of Rasvumchorr

Rasvumchorr is located on the busy apatite zone in the southeastern section of the intrusion. Besides the apatite ore, rischorrite and ijolite-urtite occurs here. 

Aegirine Aeschynite-(Ce) Ancylite-(Ce) Annite Anorthoclase Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Banalsite Barentsite Barylite Barytolamprofyllite Cafetite Canasite Carbonate Fluorapatite Chabazite-Ca Chabazite-K Chalcopyrite Chkalovite Clinophosinaite Cubanite Delhayelite Diopside Djerfisherite Dorfmanite Ershovite Eudialyte Ewaldite Fenaksite Fluorite Fluoroapatite Fraipontite Gaidonnayite Galena Goethite Hematite Henrymeyerite Hisingerite Hydrodelhayelite Ilmenite Imandrite Kalborsite Kalifersite Kassite Kazakovite Koashvite Lamprophyllite Leucophanite Leucosphenite Lomonosovite Lorenzenite Lovozerite Magnesio-Astrophyllite Magnetite Manaksite Mangan-Neptunite Megacyclite Microcline Molybdenite Morimotoite Murmanite Nabaphite Nacaphite Natisite Natrite Natrolite Natrophosphate Nepheline Nitratine Normandite Olgite Olympite Orthoclase Paranatisite Pectolite Phillipsite-Ca Phosinaite-(Ce) Pyrochlore Pyrophanite Pyrrhotite Rastsvetaevite Rasvumite Revdite Rutile Sanidine Shafranovskite Shcherbakovite Sidorenkite Sodalite Sphalerite Strontiumapatite Thermonatrite Thomsonite-Ca Thomsonite-Sr Tiettaite Tinaksite Titanite Ulvospinell Umbite Villiaumite Vinogradovite Vitusite-(Ce) Wadeite Zirsinalite

Not yet approved minerals  are (click here for explanation):
M1, M44, M45


barytolamprophyllite-ras.jpg (36737 bytes)
Cafetite-rasv.jpg (38501 bytes)

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eudialyte-rasv.jpg (20478 bytes)
fenaksite.jpg (31226 bytes)
hydrodelhayelite-2.jpg (43288 bytes)
galena-rasv.jpg (36376 bytes)
lamprophyllite-rasv.jpg (70497 bytes)

shcherbakovite-rasv2.jpg (41179 bytes)
titanite-rasvum.jpg (49512 bytes)
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Quite an interesting list of minerals from this locality in the northeastern Khibiny massif. Unfortunately all minerals mentioned below come from drill cores. There are two geological features that produced these minerals. A unweathered Analcime vein containing much of the carbonate mineralogy such as barentzite, Shortite, Natrite, Bonshtedtite etc and a sugary albitite rock close to the contact with the Archean gneiss. This albitite contains dissiminated minerals such as Agrellite, Lorenzenite, Mosandrite, Eudialyte etc.

Aegirine Agrellite Albite Analcime Ankerite Barentsite Bonshtedtite Brookite Burbankite-(Ce) Cancrinite Chondrodite Cryolite Elpidite Eudialyte Ewaldite Ferropyrosmalite Fluorite Galena Harmotome Ilmenite Lorenzenite Mosandrite Natrite Natrolite Neighborite Petarasite Phillipsite-Ca Pyrite Shortite Siderite Titanite Trona Villiaumite Zircon

Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):
M24, M68


Not suprising Rischorr lays in the rischorrite zone, the rock named after this mountain.

Kentbrooksite, Mangan-neptunite, Nenadkevichite, Tsepinite-K, Vuoriyarkvite-K

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Saami is the local native population of Kola. This locality should not be confused with Saamski, a mine between Rasvumchorr and the Kirovsi mine.

Almandine Astrophyllite Corund Gibbsite Hercynite Paragonite Sodalite Tugtupite

hercynite-saam.jpg (63420 bytes)

Saamski mine

The Saamski mine is located between Rasvumchorr and the Kirovsky mine in the apatite zone. Rocks consist of ijolite-urtite.

Hercynite Sodalite Titanite Wadeite


Takhtarvumchorr is located northwest of Kirovsk in the Khibinite zone. The most interesting geological feature about Takhtarvumchorr is the occurence of tinguaite rock.

Aegirine Aenigmatite Albite Eudialyte Fluorapophyllite Keldyshite Lavenite Molybdenite Mosandrite Parakeldyshite Troilite Vinogradovite Zircon

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Tuliok river

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An unprecise locality, since the Tuliok river flows all the way from Kukisvumchorr to lake Umbozero. A number of the minerals stated at this locality are most probably from Tullilukht bay.

Burbankite, Dawsonite, Lavenite and Raite.

Tullilukht bay

Tullilukht bay is a bay of lake Umbozero adjoining the eastern part of the Khibiny massif. The bay is partially enclosed by a southward stretching peninsula. In 1969 carbonatite was discovered in drill cores from this peninsula. The center of the carbonatite occurences is located in the bay, just south of the peninsula. All carbonatite rock is covered by a 20 to 90 meter thick layer of sediment. The carbonatite is mineralogically the most interesting rock of Tullilukht bay. Local geology is rather complex. The main silicate rock at the site is foyaite. In the foyaite lay ijolite xenoliths of up to 20 meters. There are also dykes of olivine melanephelinite, melanephelinite, phonolite and alkaly trachyte. All these rocks are cut by intense tectonic actions. Carbonatites intruded these rocks and formed carbonatites in all the silicate rocks mentioned above. Of course the contact zones where altered 

The carbonatites are partially of magmatic origin. It is believed that only the early phoscorite and calcite stages are magmatic and that the later stages are of metasomatic-hydrothermal origin. These later stages produced the more intereting REE minerals, manganese mineralogy and zeolites. For a more complete discussion of the carbonatites stages of the Khibiny massif, I would like to suggest the reference of zaitsev below. The Raite from here differs from the type material from Lovozero and should be called by it's provisional name M19.

Aegirine Ankerite Arfvedsonite Astrophyllite Augite Biotite Burbankite-(Ce) Calcite Cancrinite Carbocernaite Chalcopyrite Cryolite Dawsonite Eudialyte Fluorite Fluoroapatite Galena Gibbsite Ilmenite Khanneshite Kukharenkoite-(Ce) Kutnahorite Magnetite McKelveyite-(Y) Microcline Nahcolite Natrolite Neighborite Nepheline Nordstrandite Pyrite Pyrochlore Pyrrhotite Rhodochrosite Siderite Sphalerite Strontianite Synchisite-(Ce) Titanite Willemite Witherite

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Rhombohedral Carbonates from Carbonatites of the Khibiny massif, Kola, Peninsula, Russia, Anatoly Zaitsev, Canadian Mineralogist Vol34 pp.435-468 (1996)

Vuonnemiok river

Vuonemmiok river flows through ristchorrite and nepheline-syenite rocks and also cuts the apatite zone. The southbank of the river is made up by mountains as Rasvumchorr and Koashva, white Yukspor, Eweslogchorr and N'Yourpakhk lay to the north. The raite mentioned is probably the same as the one mentioned at Tullilukht bay, since it is found in carbonatites under the mouth of the Vuonnemiok river. It has a different XRD pattern as the type material and should probably more correctly named M19 

Aegirine Albite Analcime Ankangite Arctite Astrophyllite Belovite-(La) Bonshtedtite Catapleiite Denisovite Ewaldite Fenaksite Ferrotychite Fersmanite Fluorite Imandrite Kazakovite Koashvite Kostylevite Lamprophyllite Lithosite Lomonosovite Lorenzenite Merlinoite Murmanite Natisite Natrolite Natrosilite Olgite Orthoclase Pectolite Phosinaite-(Ce) Raite Rasvumite Safflorite Shcherbakovite Shortite Sodalite Thenardite Umbite Villiaumite Vuonnemite Wadeite Yuksporite Zirsinalite

Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):
M14, M15, M16, M17, M19


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The Material'naya adit is a famous sublocality of Mt.Yukspor

Yukspor is located just east of the Kirovski mine. The apatite zone is probably running under the most western part, which is now completely excavated. Yukspor runs further east towards Eweslogchorr in the ristchorrite zone.

Aegirine Anatase Ancylite-(Ce) Ancylite-(La) Annite Anorthoclase Astrophyllite Barylite Barytolamprofyllite Biotite Calcite Canasite Catapleiite Catapleiite Cerite-(Ce) Cerite-(La) Chabazite-K Clinobarylite Clinophosinaite Delhayelite Delindeite Denisovite Diopside Diversilite-(Ce) Djerfisherite Dorfmanite Edingtonite Epididymite Eudialyte Eveslogite Fenaksite Fersmanite Fluoroapatite Gaidonnayite Galena Georgechaoite Götzenite Henrymeyerite Heulandite-Ca Ilimaussite-(Ce) Ilmenite Kalsilite Khibinskite Koashvite Kostylevite Kuzmenkoite-Mn Labuntsovite-Mn Lamprophyllite Lomonosovite Lorenzenite Mackinawite Magnesio-Astrophyllite Microcline Molybdenite Mosandrite Murmanite Nabaphite Natrolite Natrophosphate Nefedovite Nenadkevichite Nepheline Orthoclase Paranatisite Pectolite Perlialite Phillipsite-K Quartz Rasvumite Rinkite Shafranovskite Shcherbakovite Sitinakite Sodalite Sphalerite Strontianite Thomsonite-Sr Tinaksite Titanite Umbite Vanadinite Villiaumite Wadeite Yttrobetafite-(Y) Yuksporite Zakharovite


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Not yet approved minerals are (click here for explanation):
M25, M61


Located on the west side of the intrusion in the Khibinite zone.

Aegirine Albite Bastnasite-(Ce) Edenite Ferrokentbrooksite Fluoroapatite Fluoro-Edenite Labuntsovite-Mn Loparite-(Ce) Nepheline Riebeckite Tundrite-(Ce)


World of Stones 5/6-1995, entire Issue, various authors
Das Chibiny massif auf der Russischen Kola-Halbinsel, S.N.Britvin et al (1996), Lapis 96 4, p13-30
Mineralogy of Hyperagpaitic Alkaline Rock, A.P. Khomyakov (1995), Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK
Khibiny, 2005, Yakovenchuk et al, Laplandia minerals